In a previous post we looked at whether image blur could be fixed, and concluded that some of it could be slightly reduced, but heavy blur likely could not. Here is the image we used, showing blur at two ends of the spectrum.
Now the “Unsharp Masking” filter in ImageJ, is not terribly different from that found in other applications. It allows the user to specify a “radius” for the Gaussian blur filter, and a mask weight (0.1-0.9). How does modifying the parameters affect the filtered image? Here are some examples using a radius of 10 pixels, and a variable mask weight.
We can see that as the mask weight increases, the contrast change begins to affect the colour in the image. Our eyes may perceive the “rent K” text to be sharper in the third image with MW=0.75, but the colour has been impacted in such as way that the image aesthetics have been compromised. There is little change to the acuity of the “Mölle” text (apart from the colour contrast). A change in contrast can certainly improve the visibility of detail in the image (i.e. they are easier to discern), however maybe not their actual acuity. It is sometimes a trick of the eye.
What about if we changed the radius? Does a larger radius make a difference? Here is what happens when we use a radius of 40 pixels, and a MW=0.25.
Again, the contrast is slightly increased, and perceptual acuity may be marginally improved, but again this is likely due to the contrast element of the filter.
Note that using a small filter size, e.g. 3-5 pixels in a large image (12-16MP) will have little effect, unless there are features in the image that size. For example, in an image containing features 1-2 pixels in width (e.g. a macro image), this might be appropriate, however will likely do very little in a landscape image.